19.6% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. By the 1840s, neoclassical architecture had given way to various romanticist styles, which dominated until the 1890s, represented by such architects as Andrei Stackenschneider (Mariinsky Palace, Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace, Nicholas Palace, New Michael Palace) and Konstantin Thon (Moskovsky railway station). 1 May] 1703, during the Great Northern War, Peter the Great captured Nyenskans and soon replaced the fortress. Construction was approved by Gazprom and the city administration and commenced in 2012. In 1951 a crowd of 110,000 set the single-game attendance record for Soviet football. The renowned Russian composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov also taught at the conservatory from 1871 to 1905. After the October Revolution the name Red Petrograd (Красный Петроград, Krasny Petrograd) was often used in newspapers and other prints until the city was renamed Leningrad in January 1924. Traffic jams are common in the city due to daily commuter traffic volumes, intercity traffic and excessive winter snow. As of 2018, the Saint Petersburg Metro will include new stations: Prospekt Slavy, Dunayskaya, Shushary, Begovaya, and Novokrestovskaya, the latter built specifically to offer convenient access to the stadium during the 2018 FIFA World Cup games and games played by FC Zenit.[112]. It often appeared to Russian writers as a menacing and inhuman mechanism. Other famous universities are Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University, Herzen University, Saint Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance and Saint Petersburg Military engineering-technical university. [66] But in 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic caused a drop in birth rate, and the city population decreased to 5,395,000 people. Among the city's more than fifty theatres is the Mariinsky Theatre (formerly known as the Kirov Theatre), home to the Mariinsky Ballet company and opera. The first Russian railway was built here in 1837, and since then the city's transport infrastructure has kept pace with the city's growth. In June 1703 Peter the Great gave the site the name Sankt Pieter Burkh (an emulation of Dutch topographical suffix -burg, which refers to fortified towns and places, as Peter was a Neerlandophile) which was subsequently russified.[53][54]. The construction of freeways such as the Saint Petersburg Ring Road, completed in 2011, and the Western High-Speed Diameter, completed in 2017, helped reduce the traffic in the city. [9] It is the fourth-most populous city in Europe, the most-populous city on the Baltic Sea, as well as the world's northernmost city with over 1 million residents. Autonome Stadt: Sankt Petersburg umfasst eine Fläche von rund 1431 km² und hat eine Bevölkerung von etwa 5 Millionen Einwohner. The art of famous and prominent Saint Petersburg dancers like Rudolf Nureyev, Natalia Makarova, Mikhail Baryshnikov was, and is, admired throughout the world. Sankt Petersburg är ett populärt resmål i Ryssland. Sankt Petersburg ist mit 5,35 Millionen Einwohnern [2] die nach Moskau zweitgrößte Stadt Russlands und die viertgrößte Europas. Another notable suburb is Kronstadt with its 19th-century fortifications and naval monuments, occupying the Kotlin Island in the Gulf of Finland. Universitetet var den första högre akademiska institution som grundades i Ryssland, och räknar sina anor från 1724, då som en forskningsinstitution under den kejserliga vetenskapsakademien som grundades av Peter den store. Sankt Petersburgs administrativa indelning, ЧИСЛЕННОСТЬ ПОСТОЯННОГО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ ПО МУНИЦИПАЛЬНЫМ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯМ на 1 января 2015 года (, Vserossijskaja perepis naselenija 2002 goda (excelfil), Tjislennost naselenija rossii, federalnych okrugov, subjektov rossijskoj federatsii, gorodskich okrugov, munitsipalnych rajonov, gorodskich i selskich poselenij (, Novgorods historiska monument och omgivningar, Sankt Petersburgs historiska centrum och relaterade monument, https://sv.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sankt_Petersburg&oldid=48554282, Orter i Sankt Petersburgs federala stadsområde, Artiklar som behöver enstaka källor 2020-05, Wikipediaartiklar med identifierare från VIAF, Wikipediaartiklar med identifierare från LCCN, Wikipediaartiklar med identifierare från GND, Wikipediaartiklar med identifierare från BNF, Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3.0 Unported, Ladozjskij järnvägsstation med tåg mot bland annat, Moskovskij järnvägsstation mot bland annat. Saint Petersburg is also home to the oldest and largest Russian foundry, Monumentskulptura, which made thousands of sculptures and statues that now grace public parks of Saint Petersburg, as well as many other cities. Sankt Petersburg (ryska: Са́нкт-Петербу́рг, Sankt-Peterburg; 1914–1924 Petrograd; 1924–1991 Leningrad) är en stad i västra Ryssland, belägen vid floden Nevas utlopp i Finska viken. In 1740s Mikhail Lomonosov uses a derivative of Greek: Πετρόπολις (Petropolis; Петрополис, Petropolis) in a Russified form Petropol' (Петрополь). [57] Petropolis is a translation of a city name to Greek, and is also a kind of descriptive name: Πέτρ- is a Greek root for "stone", so the "city from stone" emphasizes the material that had been forcibly made obligatory for construction from the first years of the city. They also won the Saporta Cup twice (1973 and 1975). His endeavours to modernize Russia had met with opposition from the Russian nobility—resulting in several attempts on his life and a treason case involving his son. Alla rum har kök och delat badrum. Det var under sovjettiden känt som Leningrads universitet. I slutet av 1980-talet hade staden världens längsta spårvägssystem med en sammanlagd spårlängd på 340 kilometer. The city has 221 museums, 2000 libraries, more than 80 theatres, 100 concert organizations, 45 galleries and exhibition halls, 62 cinemas and around 80 other cultural establishments. - Svensk industriell företagarverksamhet i S:t Petersburg kring sekelskiftet 1900 / Marin Fritz. Saint Petersburg is known as the "Cultural Capital of Russia",[13] and received over 15 million tourists in 2018,[14][15] and is considered an important economic, scientific, cultural, and tourism centre of Russia and Europe. Informiere dich in unserem "Wissenswertes"-Bereich, um zu erfahren, wie die Verschiebung des Turniers deine EURO betrifft. Tunnelbana samt bussar täcker innerstad med förorter. The southern coast of Vasilyevsky Island along the Bolshaya Neva features some of the city's oldest buildings, dating from the 18th century, including the Kunstkamera, Twelve Collegia, Menshikov Palace and Imperial Academy of Arts. After the Winter (Soviet-Finnish) war in 1939–1940, the Soviet–Finnish border moved northwards. Sankt Petersburg är en stad i västra Ryssland, belägen vid floden Nevas utlopp i Finska viken. They were accused of Russian nationalism.[39]. It also contains the Tikhvin Cemetery with graves of many notable Petersburgers. Check out our "Need to know" section to … [125][126], According to official sources the number of crimes committed by foreigners in Saint Petersburg in 2010 increased by 11.1%. Vor fi operate 2 zboruri saptamanale: marti, sambata vineri, 8 ianuarie 2021 Plecari Sosiri Aeroport Timioara Plecari Sosiri Aeroport IASI Several historic sports arenas were built for equestrianism since the 18th century, to maintain training all year round, such as the Zimny Stadion and Konnogvardeisky Manezh, among others. The Capital Of Crime. Här Hamnar Din Titel. In 2012, following passage of a new federal law,[74] restoring direct elections of heads of federal subjects, the city charter was again amended to provide for direct elections of governor. Sankt-Peterburg, IPA: [ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk] (listen)), formerly known as Petrograd (1914–1924) and later Leningrad (1924–1991), is the second-largest city in Russia. For various reasons (including large-scale destruction during World War II and construction of modern buildings during the postwar period in the largest historical centres of Europe), Saint Petersburg has become a unique reserve of European architectural styles of the past three centuries. Saint Petersburg Metro underground rapid transit system was opened in 1955; it now has 5 lines with 69 stations, connecting all five railway terminals, and carrying 2.3 million passengers daily. Since 12 December 2010 Karelian Trains, a joint venture between Russian Railways and VR (Finnish Railways), has been running Alstom Pendolino operated high-speed services between Saint Petersburg's Finlyandsky and Helsinki's Central railway stations. [85], Budget revenues of the city in 2009 amounted to 294.3 billion rubles (about 10.044 billion US$ at 2009 exchange rates), expenses – 336.3 billion rubles (about 11.477 billion US$ at 2009 exchange rates). Residential building had intensified again; real-estate prices inflated greatly, which caused many new problems for the preservation of the historical part of the city. [86] (about 1.433 billion US$ at 2009 exchange rates), In 2015, St. Petersburg was ranked in 4th place economically amongst all federal subjects of the Russian Federation, surpassed only by Moscow, the Tyumen and Moscow Region.[87]. The effect of life in Saint Petersburg on the plight of the poor clerk in a society obsessed with hierarchy and status also became an important theme for authors such as Pushkin, Gogol and Dostoyevsky. Matviyenko stood for elections as member of the Regional Council of Saint Petersburg and won comprehensively with allegations of rigging and ballot stuffing by the opposition. See more real estate market trends for Saint Petersburg. But four years later, in 1732, under Empress Anna of Russia, Saint Petersburg was again designated as the capital of the Russian Empire. Jump to navigation Jump to search. During the reign of Catherine the Great in the 1760s–1780s, the banks of the Neva were lined with granite embankments. Amery, Colin, Brian Curran & Yuri Molodkovets. A period from mid-May to mid-July when twilight may last all night is called the white nights. Since then "Peter's rock" music style was formed. A proponent of westernising Russia, Peter the Great, who established the city, originally named it Sankt-Pieter-Burch (Сан(к)т-Питер-Бурхъ) in Dutch manner and later its spelling was standardised as Sankt-Peterburg (Санкт-Петербургъ[a]) under German influence. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has already backed her for the position of Speaker to the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and her election qualifies her for that job. Saint Petersburg - Tennis tournaments (ATP, WTA) calendar on TennisExplorer.com The Passage, Catholic Church of St. Catherine, Book House (former Singer Manufacturing Company Building in the Art Nouveau style), Grand Hotel Europe, Lutheran Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, Great Gostiny Dvor, Russian National Library, Alexandrine Theatre behind Mikeshin's statue of Catherine the Great, Kazan Cathedral, Stroganov Palace, Anichkov Palace and Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace are all along that avenue. 17.04.2020 - Erkunde Maria Bastucks Pinnwand „Sankt“ auf Pinterest. [citation needed]. Sankt Petersburg grundades av den ryske tsaren Peter den store år 1703, i närheten av den plats där den ryske hjälten Alexander Nevskij år 1240 enligt ryska krönikor hade besegrat en mäktig svensk här, och där den svenska staden och fästningen Nyen, som Peter intagit, nu låg. I Sverige användes på 1800-talet namnet Petersburg utan epitetet Sankt. [16] (The Russian name lacks the letter s between Peter and burg.) Laut dem Ergebnis der letzten Volkszählung vom 14. Petrodvortsovyj inkluderar Lomonosovskij, som var ett eget stadsdistrikt 2002. There are 2,259 homes for sale in Saint Petersburg with a median price of $281,133, which is an increase of 8.9% since last year. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. Leading ballet dancers, such as Vaslav Nijinsky, Anna Pavlova, Rudolph Nureyev, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Galina Ulanova and Natalia Makarova, were principal stars of the Mariinsky ballet. Saint Petersburg has three large cargo seaports: Bolshoi Port Saint Petersburg, Kronstadt, and Lomonosov. Vecka 8 har gymnasiet en projektvecka då eleverna som åker till Sankt Petersburg får samla fakta om sitt resmål som sedan publiceras på denna webbsida. [27] Tens of thousands of serfs died building the city. During the ensuing Civil War, in 1919 general Yudenich advancing from Estonia repeated the attempt to capture the city, but Leon Trotsky mobilized the army and forced him to retreat. [69] Non-Abrahamic religions and other faiths are represented by only 1.2% of the total population. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. [107] The largest of the public higher education institutions is Saint Petersburg State University, enrolling approximately 32,000 undergraduate students; and the largest non-governmental higher education institutions is the Institute of International Economic Relations, Economics, and Law. It hosts one of two campuses of Saint Petersburg State University. The ensemble of Peter and Paul Fortress with the Peter and Paul Cathedral takes a dominant position on Zayachy Island along the right bank of the Neva River. In 1972 Boris Grebenshchikov founded the band Aquarium, which later grew to huge popularity. [källa behövs] Ett annat namn, som framför allt använts i Finland (bland annat av krigsmarskalk, senare marskalk av Finland Gustaf Mannerheim) är "Nevastaden". The names of Saints Peter and Paul, bestowed upon original city's citadel and its cathedral (from 1725—a burial vault of Russian emperors) coincidentally were the names of the first two assassinated Russian Emperors, Peter III (1762, supposedly killed in a conspiracy led by his wife, Catherine the Great) and Paul I (1801, Nikolay Alexandrovich Zubov and other conspirators who brought to power Alexander I, the son of their victim). Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербург, tr. Sankt Petersburg är Rysslands näst största stad med cirka 5,2 miljoner invånare inom gränsen för dess federala stadsområde, inklusive bland annat Kolpino, Kronstadt, Pusjkin och den tidigare finska staden Terijoki. On the territory between the Neva and Nevsky Prospekt the Church of the Savior on Blood, Mikhailovsky Palace housing the Russian Museum, Field of Mars, St. Michael's Castle, Summer Garden, Tauride Palace, Smolny Institute and Smolny Convent are located. Det var en stor prestigeförlust för Hitler. Ballet performances occupy a special place in the cultural life of Saint Petersburg. The city is also served by passenger and cargo seaports in the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, the river port higher up the Neva and tens of smaller passenger stations on both banks of the Neva river. The city has over 230 places associated with the life and activities of Lenin. By 1716 the Swiss Italian Domenico Trezzini had elaborated a project whereby the city centre would be on Vasilyevsky Island and shaped by a rectangular grid of canals. A number of museums provide insight into the Soviet history of Saint Petersburg, including the Museum of the Blockade, which describes the Siege of Leningrad and the Museum of Political History, which explains many authoritarian features of the USSR. Det är bra att åtminstone kunna stava sig genom ryska alfabetet, då blir många ord läsbara eftersom det finns många lånord i språket, främst tyska. Here is Govindan P Nair Md’s obituary. The shipping company St Peter Line operates two ferries that sail from Helsinki to St Petersburg and from Stockholm to St Petersburg.[116]. Ius recteque euripidis, cu cotidieque definitionem mea, omnis dicat eideum. [23] He needed a better seaport than the country's main one at the time, Arkhangelsk, which was on the White Sea in the far north and closed to shipping during the winter. [91], Saint Petersburg has a significant historical and cultural heritage.[92][93][94][95][96][97][98]. Ford började utveckla bilar här år 2002, Toyota bygger fabriker i en av förorterna, och den ryska regeringen förhandlar med General Motors och Nissan om bygglov för dessa nära staden. & Alexander Orloff. The most common trees grown in the parks are the English oak, Norway maple, green ash, silver birch, Siberian Larch, blue spruce, crack willow, limes, and poplars. In October 1946 some territories along the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland, which had passed to the USSR from Finland in 1940 under the peace treaty following the Winter War, were transferred from Leningrad Oblast to Leningrad and divided into Sestroretsky District and Kurortny District. It developed along three radial streets, which meet at the Admiralty building and are now one street known as Nevsky Prospect (which is considered the main street of the city), Gorokhovaya Street and Voznesensky Avenue. On 12 March 1918, the Soviets transferred the government to Moscow, to keep it away from the state border. Sankt Petersburgs ekonomiska statsuniversitet grundades 1930 under sovjettiden genom att den reformerade ekonomiska fakulteten avknoppades från det polytekniska universitetet. In 1954 the settlements Levashovo, Pargolovo and Pesochny merged with Leningrad. Yacht clubs:[108] St. Petersburg River Yacht Club, Neva Yacht Club, the latter is the oldest yacht club in the world. Ленинградские хроники: от послевоенных 50-х до "лихих 90-х". I Sankt Petersburg finns även flera traditionsrika högskolor. Under hela tsartiden förblev den en markant mer europeisk stad än någon annan i den ryska delen av imperiet, både i arkitektur, kulturell atmosfär och livsstil. The average annual temperature is 5.8 °C (42.4 °F). Assum graeci scribentur iusut. Saint Petersburg is about 165 km (103 miles) from the border with Finland, connected to it via the M10 highway. UEFA EURO 2020 Fixtures St-Petersburg Stadium, St-Petersburg Saturday, 12 June 2021 St-Petersburg St-Petersburg Stadium Group B 22:00 Local time Belgium Group B … The Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway opened in 1851, and is 651 kilometers (405 mi) long; the commute to Moscow now requires from three and a half to nine hours.[118]. 360 pages. Es wurde nach dem Tod Peters des Großen 1725 etwas ruhiger um das Fenster nach Europa, wie St. Petersburg … "В первом полугодии продолжалось умеренное повышение числа рождений", Основные показатели социально-демографической ситуации в Санкт-Петербурге, "Пандемия COVID-19 привела к падению рождаемости в Петербурге", "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia", "The Constitution of the Russian federation", "Russian source: Charter of Saint Petersburg City", "Федеральный закон от 02.05.2012 N 40-ФЗ "О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об общих принципах организации законодательных (представительных) и исполнительных органов государственной власти субъектов Российской Федерации" и Федеральный закон "Об основных гарантиях избирательных прав и права на участие в референдуме граждан Российской Федерации, "Закон Санкт-Петербурга от 26.06.2012 N 339-59", "Official website of the Northwestern Federal District (Russian)", "О территориальном устройстве Санкт-Петербурга", "ЗАО "Терра-Нова" | Крупнейший в Европе проект по образованию и комплексному развитию территории в западной части Васильевского острова Санкт-Петербурга", Russian Standard Vodka Ranked 4th Fastest Growing Premium Spirits Brand Worldwide, "Budget of Saint Petersburg (Russian document)", "Валовой региональный продукт по субъектам Российской Федерации в 1998–2016гг. Kirov Stadium with a capacity of 70 thousand seats (now a modern Gazprom Arena since 2017) which will host 2018 FIFA World Cup matches was one of the largest stadiums in the world and home to FC Zenit Saint Petersburg from 1950 to 1993 and again in 1995. While living in the United States, his writings in English reflected on life in Saint Petersburg from the unique perspective of being both an insider and an outsider to the city in essays such as, "A Guide to a Renamed City" and the nostalgic "In a Room and a Half".[103]. In March 1917, during the February Revolution Nicholas II abdicated for himself and on behalf of his son, ending the Russian monarchy and over three hundred years of Romanov dynastic rule. En ringväg (KAD) runt staden är under byggnad, den första sektionen öppnade för trafik år 2002 och hela ringen ska enligt planerna vara färdigbyggd år 2012. Many monuments commemorate the Russian victory over Napoleonic France in the Patriotic War of 1812, including the Alexander Column by Montferrand, erected in 1834, and the Narva Triumphal Arch.

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