[8][9][10] In several major Indo-European religions, the swastika symbolizes lightning bolts, representing the thunder god and the king of the gods, such as Indra in Vedic Hinduism, Zeus in the ancient Greek religion, Jupiter in the ancient Roman religion, and Thor in the ancient Germanic religion. "卍" redirects here. Sagan suggests that in antiquity a comet could have approached so close to Earth that the jets of gas streaming from it, bent by the comet's rotation, became visible, leading to the adoption of the swastika as a symbol across the world. Andre dyr er ridedyr, vahanaer, for enkeltgudar, og symboliserer ei side ved dei, til dømes elefant for rikdom, eller tiger for villskap. In Buddhism, the swastika is considered to symbolize the auspicious footprints of the Buddha. [2], The swastika symbol is common in esoteric tantric traditions of Buddhism, along with Hinduism, where it is found with chakra theories and other meditative aids. Right: Brooklyn Academy of Music New York The Ancient Greeks also used single swastika motifs to decorate their pots and vases. Dei kan gjera eit teikn (mudra) med hendene, eller halda ein eller fleire symbolske ting, og ofte blir dei avbilda med fleire sett armar for å få fram fleire slike symbol. Armband, halssmykke, blomekransar og «den heilage tråden» spelar ulike rollar som symbol for vern og status. All tekst er tilgjengeleg under Creative Commons-lisensen Namngjeving/Del på same vilkåra. Fleire gudar har våpen som symbol. It is the world's third-largest religion, with over 1.25 billion followers, or 15–16% of the global population, known as Hindus. Buddhism (/ ˈ b ʊ d ɪ z əm /, US: / ˈ b uː d-/) is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. [5], Himmelretningane er forbundne med gudar og eigenskapar. The left-facing version may also be referred to as sauwastika. Hinduisme er betegnelsen for flere forskellige religiøse traditioner med oprindelse i Sydasien (det moderne Indien, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, og historisk også i Pakistan før indførelsen af Islam).. Hinduismen har over 1 milliard tilhængere, hvoraf omkring 905 millioner bor i Indien. Treforken (trisjula) kan stå for både Sjiva og Devi, og er ofte sett opp utanfor templa deira for å visa kven tempelet er vigd til. ), 610-550 BC, In Asia, the swastika symbol first appears in the archaeological record around[58] 3000 BCE in the Indus Valley Civilization. Hinduizmus, Krišna, Ganeš, Šiva a ich symboly. Muslimští Peršané slovem … The four arms of the swastika symbolize the four places where a soul could be reborn in samsara, the cycle of birth and death – svarga "heaven", naraka "hell", manushya "humanity" or tiryancha "as flora or fauna" – before the soul attains moksha "salvation" as a siddha, having ended the cycle of birth and death and become omniscient. [citation needed]. [citation needed] In some countries, such as the United States (in the 2003 case Virginia v. Black), the highest courts have ruled that the local governments can prohibit the use of swastika along with other symbols such as cross burning, if the intent of the use is to intimidate others. Greek helmet with swastika marks on the top part (circled), 350–325 BCE from Taranto, found at Herculanum. 14:02. Hinduiske symbol blir også brukte i samband med indisk politikk, særleg den hindunasjonalistiske Hindutva-rørsla. [citation needed]. The manufacturer, based in China, said the symbol was presented in a traditional sense and not as a reference to the Nazis, and apologized to the customers for the cross-cultural mixup.[201]. He connected it with similar shapes found on ancient pots in Germany, and theorized that the swastika was a "significant religious symbol of our remote ancestors", linking it to ancient Teutons, Greeks of the time of Homer and Indians of the Vedic era. 20-30ie gadi, 44.3 x 34.2 mm, 15.60 g, darbnīca V. F. Millers", "Latvijas armijas, Nacionālo Bruņoto Spēku un citu iestāžu karogi", "Exhibition "The Lāčplēsis Military Order" ← National History Museum of Latvia", "Swastika – historical heritage of Lithuania", "Svastika Mūsų protėvių lietuvių simbolis | Sarmatai", "Why is there a Swastika on the saddle in the First Nations Gallery? [136][137][138] Latvia adopted the swastika, for its Air Force in 1918/1919 and continued its use until the Soviet occupation in 1940. According to the protocol, the president shall wear the Grand Cross of the White Rose with collar on formal occasions. [163], Because of its use by Nazi Germany, the swastika since the 1930s has been largely associated with Nazism. Dei står ofte for grøde eller lukke, eller som hjelpemiddel til å nærma seg det uendelege og uforståelege ved å gje det forståeleg form. On the holiday of Diwali, Hindu households commonly use the swastika in decorations. In the 19th century the swastika was one of the Russian Empire's symbols, and was used on coinage as a backdrop to the Russian eagle.[115][116]. Kvitt står for reinsemd, og ein bruker kvitt fargestoff i mange hinduiske bakketeikningar, og kvite klede i nokre religiøse ritual, visse kaster. Traditional textiles are still made in Finland with swastikas as parts of traditional ornaments. They believed the cosmos was pulled by four heavenly horses who revolved around a fixed centre in a clockwise direction. [13][14] The symbol is found in the archeological remains of the Indus Valley Civilization [15] and Samarra, as well as in early Byzantine and Christian artwork. [citation needed], The compact swastika can be seen as a chiral irregular icosagon (20-sided polygon) with fourfold (90°) rotational symmetry. Aum blir mellom anna sett på som eit symbol på Brahman, den altomfattande guddommen. The headquarters of the Oslo Municipal Power Station was designed by architects Bjercke and Eliassen in 1928–31. Sjølve bygningen og området rundt er utforma etter visse reglar fastsette av Vastusjastra-tekstane. It is also censored from the reprints of 1930s railway timetables published by the Reichsbahn. Den dansande Sjiva held ofte ei tromme. Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or way of life. [20] It is alternatively spelled in contemporary texts as svastika,[21] and other spellings were occasionally used in the 19th and early 20th century, such as suastika. [7][8] In Hinduism, the right-facing symbol (卐) is called swastika, symbolizing surya ("sun"), prosperity and good luck, while the left-facing symbol (卍) is called sauvastika, symbolizing night or tantric aspects of Kali. As such it is a symbol of life, of the vivifying role of the supreme principle of the universe, the absolute God, in relation to the cosmic order. Teiknet står for æve, sidan det peiker i alle retningar, og kan slik også stå for den uendelege Brahman. Visse symbol, som mandala- eller kolam-mønster, skal hovudsakleg skjønast ut frå eit andeleg og ikkje eit intellektuelt synspunkt. This piece was found at Qau-el-Kebir, near Asyut, and is dated between CE 300 and 600. Namaskar-helsinga blir tolka som ei underkasting, og kan vera del av formell kneling. Det kan reinsa ein for alle synder og gje ein ein plass i himmelen (svarga). Midtpunktet i tempelet, der gudebiletet står, er den eigentlege navlen, og representerer ein kosmisk søyle oppover. Iwwerbléck. 36/2007", "Germany Lifts Ban on Nazi Symbols in Video Games", "Germany Lifts Ban on Swastikas in Videogames", "Hungary, hammer and sickle ban declared illegal", "Act C of 2012 on the Criminal Code, Section 335: Use of Symbols of Totalitarianism", "Latvia Bans Nazi, Soviet Symbols at Public Events", "Latvian bill would ban Soviet, Nazi symbols", "Lithuania court rules swastikas are part of historic legacy", "How the Nazi Flags in Charlottesville Look to a German", "How Germany dealt with its symbols of hate", Responding to Hate at School: A Guide for Teachers, Counselors and Administrators, "ADL Downgrades Swastika As Jewish Hate Symbol", "Black Ops Swastika Emblems Will Earn Xbox Live Ban", "2BR02B: the journey of a dystopian film – an interview with Leon Coward", "Tajikistan: Officials Say Swastika Part Of Their Aryan Heritage – Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty © 2008", "daily picture (News from Nepal as it happens)", Toy pandas bearing swastikas a cultural mix-up, "The Official Raelian Symbol gets its swastika back", Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna, National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), National Socialist German Doctors' League, National Socialist League for Physical Exercise (NSRL), Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party, German National Socialist Workers' Party (Czechoslovakia), German National Movement in Liechtenstein, National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark, Nationalist Liberation Alliance (Argentina), South African Gentile National Socialist Movement, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swastika&oldid=999032063#Use_in_Nazism, All articles with links needing disambiguation, Articles with links needing disambiguation from December 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2019, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Instances of Lang-sa using second unnamed parameter, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. Similarly, the swastika is a common icon associated with Buddha's footprints in Theravada Buddhist communities of Myanmar, Thailand and Cambodia. The Cross of Liberty is depicted in the upper left corner of the standard of the President of Finland. Vítejte na portálu Hinduismus Symbol Óm Původ bohaté a složité tradice hinduismu sahá patrně až do 3. tisíciletí př. Dei to hendene som møtest får symbolsk tyding – den eine står for det jordiske og den andre det andelege, slik at gesten blir eit møte mellom dei to. [81][failed verification] The swastika is clearly marked on a hilt and sword belt found at Bifrons in Kent, in a grave of about the 6th century. [citation needed]. Vatn i heilage elvar blir rekna som symbolsk reint, sjølv om det er svært ureina fysisk. [181], The public display of Nazi-era German flags (or any other flags) is protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees the right to freedom of speech. To the Hopi it represents the wandering Hopi clan; to the Navajo it is one symbol for the whirling log (tsin náálwołí), a sacred image representing a legend that is used in healing rituals. "Through the change in the interpretation of the law, games that critically look at current affairs can for the first time be given a USK age rating," USK managing director Elisabeth Secker told CTV. [153], In February 1925, the Kuna revolted vigorously against Panamanian suppression of their culture, and in 1930 they assumed autonomy. [162], During World War II it was common to use small swastikas to mark air-to-air victories on the sides of Allied aircraft, and at least one British fighter pilot inscribed a swastika in his logbook for each German plane he shot down. Lyden «aum» blir brukt innan dei fleste hinduiske bøner og til meditasjon. Wikipedia® is een geregistreerd handelsmerk van de Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk. "[157], The swastika was also understood as "the symbol of the creating, effecting life" (das Symbol des schaffenden, wirkenden Lebens) and as "race emblem of Germanism" (Rasseabzeichen des Germanentums). [14] Hinduiske gudebilete blir noko brukt som dekorasjonar, til tider på måtar hinduar opplever som støytande, som då eit USA-amerikansk selskap selde dolokk med bilete av gudar på.[15]. Ein del indiske politikarar bruker no hinduiske symbol jamleg. The chimney of the boiler-house of the laundry still stands, but the laundry has been redeveloped.[127][128]. "This has long been the case for films and with regards to the freedom of the arts, this is now rightly also the case with computer and videogames. Kvart tempel er sett på som ein verdas navle, og skal minna om fjellet som i følgje hinduisk tenking står der. In the aftermath of World War II it has been considered a symbol of hate in the West,[164] and of white supremacy in many Western countries. The symbol was used on state road signs in Arizona.[118][119]. Religiøse symbol i form av skrift, teikningar, ting og handlingar er særs viktige innan hinduismen. [1][2] According to Norman McClelland its symbolism for motion and the Sun may be from shared prehistoric cultural roots.[77]. Fargen på kleda er ofte viktig, sjå avsnittet om fargar. She intended to show the absurdity of charging anti-fascists with using fascist symbols: "We don't need prosecution of non-violent young people engaging against right-wing extremism." The swastika was also a heraldic symbol, for example on the Boreyko coat of arms, used by noblemen in Poland and Ukraine. [80] As the negative space between the lines has a distinctive shape, the sayagata pattern is sometimes called the key fret motif in English. Nokre symboliserer også status. [16][23][24], The word swasti occurs frequently in the Vedas as well as in classical literature, meaning "health, luck, success, prosperity", and it was commonly used as a greeting.